ERP - Enterprise resource planning
ERP stands for “Enterprise Resource Planning.” The definition of enterprise resource planning is essentially an integrated software solution used to manage a company’s resources. Today’s ERP systems now integrate all business management functions, including planning, materials management, order processing, manufacturing, purchasing, accounting and finance, human resources, and more.
An ERP system is based on a common database and a modular software design. The common database can allow every department of a business to store and retrieve information in real-time. The information should be reliable, accessible, and easily shared. The modular software design should mean a business can select the modules they need, mix and match modules from different vendors, and add new modules of their own to improve business performance. Ideally, the data for the various business functions are integrated. In practice the ERP system may comprise a set of discrete applications, each maintaining a discrete data store within one physical database.
As this project is being developed for a logistic company it includes the integration of the following business management function. Human Resource Management, Order Management, Traffic Management, Operations Management, Trip Sheet, Fleet Management, Material Management. Each management functions are explained in details in the following chapters.
Logistics is the management of the flow of goods, information and other resources, including energy and people, between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet the requirements of consumers (frequently, and originally, military organizations). Logistics involve the integration of information, transportation, and inventory, warehousing, material-handling, and packaging. Logistics is a channel of the supply chain which adds the value of time and place utility.